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Harmonist Structures

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Community Houses

Rapp Granary

Other Harmonist Structures


After the Harmonists

Maximilian Expedition

Post-Harmonist Structures

Post-Communal Structures

Harmonist Society



New Harmony,

Old Economy,

Other Links

IUPUI Max Kade German American Center

Historic New Harmony's
Web site


University of Southern Indiana

New Harmony Scientists, Educators, Writers & Artists

Harmony Museum,
Harmony, PA, 1st Settlement of the Harmonie Society

Old Economy Village, 3rd Settlement of the Harmonie Society


Arndt, Karl J.R.
  • A Documentary History of the Indiana Decade of the Harmony Society 1814-1824: Volume I, 1814-1819. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1975; Volume II, 1820-1824, 1978.

  • Economy on the Ohio 1826-1834: George Rapp's Third American Harmony. Worcester, MA: Harmonie Society Press, 1984.

  • George Rapp's Disciples, Pioneers, and Heirs: A Register of the Harmonists in America. Donald Pitzer and Leigh Ann Chamness (eds.). University of Southern Indiana Press, 1992.

  • George Rapp's Glory Years: Economy on the Ohio 1834-1847. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 1987.

  • George Rapp's Harmony Society 1785-1847. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1965.

  • "George Rapp's Petition to Thomas Jefferson," The American-German Review, VII (October 1940), 5-9.

  • George Rapp's Separatists 1700-1803: The German Prelude to Rapp's American Harmony Society. Worcester, MA: Harmonie Society Press, 1980.

  • George Rapp's Successors and Material Heirs 1847-1916. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1980.

  • Harmony on the Connoquenessing 1803-1815: George Rapp's First American Harmony. Worcester, MA: Harmonie Society Press, 1980.

  • Harmony on the Wabash in Transition to Rapp's Divine Economy on the Ohio and Owen's New Moral World at New Harmony on the Wabash 1824-1826. Worcester, MA: Harmonie Society Press, 1984.

  • The Indiana Decade of George Rapp's Harmony Society: 1814-1824. Worcester, MA: American Antiquarian Society, 1971.
Note - In addition to the above, Arndt also published a number of articles on the Harmony Society; a list may be obtained from the Center for Communal Studies, University of Southern Indiana.

Bernhard, Karl, Duke of Saxe Weimar Eisenach

  • Travels through North America, during the Years 1825 and 1826. 2 vols., Philadelphia, 1828.
Blair, Don
  • Harmonist Construction. Principally as found in the two-story houses built in Harmonie, Indiana, 1814-1824. IHS Publications Vol. 23, No. 2. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1964.
Bole, John A.
  • The Harmony Society: A Chapter in German American Culture History. Philadelphia: Americana Germanica Press, 1905.
Byrd, Cecil K.
  • The Harmony Society and Thoughts on the Destiny of Man. Bloomington: The Indiana University Bookman, 1956.
Dructor, Robert M.
  • Guide to the Microfilmed Harmony Society Records 1786-1951 in the Pennsylvania State Archives. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1983.

  • The Harmonists: A Personal History. Pittsburgh: Van Trump, Ziegler & Shane, Inc., 1970.
Durnbaugh, Donald
  • "Radical Pietism as the Foundation of German-American Communitarian Settlements in Emigration and Settlement Patterns of German Communities in North America". Eberhard Reichmann, LaVern J. Rippley and Joerg Nagler (eds.). Indianapolis: Max Kade German-American Center, Indiana University-Purdue University, 1995, 31-54.
Knoedler, Christiana
  • The Harmony Society. New York: Vantage Press, 1954.
Kring, Hilda
  • The Harmonists: A Folk-Cultural Approach. Metuchen, NY: The Scarecrow Press and The American Theological Library Association, 1973.
Krueger, Nancy
  • "The Woolen and Cotton Manufactory of the Harmony Society with Emphasis on the Indiana Years 1814-1825." M.A. Thesis, 1983. State University of New York College at Oneonta.
Larner, John W., Jr.
  • "Nails and Sundrie Medicines" (Town Planning and Public Health in the Harmony Society, 1805-1840), The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, Vol. 45, No. 2 (June 1962), 115-138.
Lockridge, Ross
  • The Labyrinth. Published for the New Harmony Memorial Commission, 1941.
Matter, Evelyn P.
  • The Great House [George Rapp House] Constructed 1826 and Frederick Rapp House Constructed about 1828 at Old Economy. Old Economy, PA: Harmonie Associates, 1970.
Miller, Melvin R.
  • Education in the Harmony Society, 1805-1905. University of Pittsburgh, 1972.
Munn, Harriet
  • The Harriet Munn Collection of Indiana Folklore. Sound Recordings, 14 sound tape reels: analog, 7 1/2 ips, full track; 7 in. plus documentation. Accompanied by a complete catalog with transcriptions of most of the interwiews. Deposited in 1961 at Archives of Traditional Music, Indiana University-Bloomington, under: "United States, Indiana, Various ethnic groups, 1952-1953." Applicable subject headings: Indiana - New Harmony; Harmonists - Indiana - Social life and customs.
Passavant, William A.
  • "A Visit to Economy in the Spring of 1840," Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, IV (July 1921), 144-149.
Pitzer, Donald E. and Josephine M. Elliott
  • "New Harmony's First Utopians," Indiana Magazine of History, Vol. LXXL, No. 3 (Sept. 1979), 225-300. [Also in booklet form].
Rapp, George
  • Thoughts on the Destiny of Man. New Harmony: The Harmonie Society, 1824.
Reibel, Daniel B.
  • Bibliography of Items Related to the Harmony Society with Special Reference to Old Economy. Ambridge, PA: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1969, revised 1977.

  • A Guide to Old Economy. Old Economy, PA: Harmony Associates, 1969.
Reichmann, Eberhard and Reichmann, Ruth
  • "The Harmonists: Two Points of View," Emigration and Settlement Patterns of German Communities in North America. Eberhard Reichmann, LaVern J. Rippley and Joerg Nagler (eds.). Indianapolis: Max Kade German-American Center, Indiana University-Purdue Un iversity, 1995, 371-380.
Sasse, Angela, O.S.B.
  • "The Religous Celibate Community in Indiana: Yesterday and Today," German Influence on Religion in Indiana in series Studies in Indiana German Americana, Vol. 2 , 1995, 38-52.
Wetzel, Richard D.
  • Frontier Musicians on the Connoquenessing, Wabash, and Ohio. A History of the Music and Musicians of George Rapp's Harmony Society (1805-1906). Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1976.

  • "The Music of George Rapp's Harmony Society: 1805-1906." Ph.D. Thesis, 1970. University of Pittsburgh.

Williams, Aaron
  • The Harmony Society at Economy, Pennsylvania. Founded by George Rapp, A.D. 1805. Pittsburgh: W.S. Haven, 1866; reprinted by Augustus M. Kelley Publishers, 1971.

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Created: 21 September 1998, JAF
Supported by an Indiana Heritage Research Grant, A Joint Effort of the Indiana Humanities Council and the Indiana Historical Society
Updated: 28 June 2009, BAS
Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis, University Library
URL: http://www.ulib.iupui.edu/kade/newharmony/bibliography.html
Comments: Ruth Reichmann, reichman@indiana.edu

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